The cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is extremely uniform in the universe, making evolutionists say that the universe was very uniform very early on in the big bang (at around 300,000 years 1). However, where do galaxies and stars come from (“lumpiness”) when the universe was extremely homogeneous (“smooth”)? This is called the origin of structure problem. 2
As an example, imagine that you were making a cake and mixed the cake batter so well that it had absolutely no lumps in it. However, then you bake the cake and it is full of lumps. This would not make sense. Likewise, the universe is full of “lumps” (like galaxies, stars, and planets), but the cosmic microwave background radiation indicates that the universe was extremely smooth (homogeneous) early on in the big bang according to evolutionists. Where did the galaxies and stars come from?
Evolutionist: Exploding stars can cause a shockwave that gets star formation going.
Response: This doesn’t explain where stars came from in the first place, since it requires stars (exploding stars) to form other stars. 3
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Calle, C. I. (2009). The Universe: Order Without Design. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
Sarfati, J. D., & Matthews, M. (1999). Refuting Evolution. Green Forest, AR: Master Books.
- Calle, 2009, p. 79 ↩
- Calle, 2009, p. 81: “The problem of the origin of structure is how to explain the formation of this lumpiness if the universe started out extremely uniform.” ↩
- Sarfati, 1999, p. 93: Quoting Dr. Danny Faulkner: “Stars supposedly condensed out of vast clouds of gas, and it has long been recognized that the clouds don’t spontaneously collapse and form stars, they need to be pushed somehow to be started. There have been a number of suggestions to get the process started, and almost all of them require having stars to start with [e.g. a shockwave from an exploding star causing compression of a nearby gas cloud]. This is the old chicken and egg problem; it can’t account for the origin of stars in the first place.” ↩