Although evolutionists claim that the universe’s cosmic microwave background radiation (CMBR) is evidence for the big bang, it is actually evidence against it. The radiation is extremely homogeneous, 1 or so evenly distributed, that it is very difficult for evolutionists to explain. 2 3 Not only would this be an unlikely result of an explosion, but star and galaxy formation requires non-homogeneous distribution or “lumps.” 4 5
Evolutionist: The inflationary theory solves the horizon problem. 6
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Calle, C. I. (2009). The Universe: Order Without Design. Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
- Calle, 2009, p. 79: “However, as mentioned in Chapter 3, COBE also found that the universe is extremely uniform on a large scale, a difficult thing to imagine coming out of an explosion. The problem is a bit more serious, however. The CMB radiation measured by COBE from all directions was not only similar, as was expected, but indistinguishable to the limit of the equipment, with an accuracy of one part in 100,000!” ↩
- Calle, 2009, p. 80: “Nevertheless, the uniformity of the CMB implies that these two points were at the same temperature at 300,000 years. This apparent contradiction is called the horizon problem.” ↩
- Calle, 2009, p. 80: “… two photons arriving now from opposite directions started their journeys toward Earth form two regions in the universe that are now about 28 billion light-years apart. If we calculate what the separation of these two photons was when the universe was 300,000 years old, the time when they were released, we find that this distance is about 90 million light-years. However, at 300,000 years, the field equations of relativity tell us that light could not have traveled more than 900,000 light-years since the big bang. This distance is called the horizon distance and it takes into account the speed at which light travels and the expansion of space. Therefore, two points that are separated by 90 million light years when the universe was 300,000 years old can’t be at the same temperature, since no information could have traveled between them.” ↩
- Calle, 2009, p. 80: “One possible solution to the horizon problem is to assume that the entire universe began with this extreme uniformity. Although this assumption solves the problem, it does so in an inelegant manner. … this assumption makes it extremely difficult to explain the formation of galaxies later on in the evolution of the universe. Galaxy formation requires a nonuniform density distribution that results in a nonuniform gravitational field.” ↩
- Calle, 2009, p. 97: “‘We haven’t ruled out our own existence yet,’ said John Mather, the NASA principal investigator. ‘But I’m completely mystified as to how the present day structure exists without having left some signature on the background radiation.'” ↩
- Calle, 2009: “The new inflationary model assures that the universe starts out perfectly flat, uniform throughout but with the small lumpiness that can serve as the future seeds for structure, so that when this marvelous process ends and the standard big bang pcoesses of nucleosynthesis, expansion, and galaxy formation take over, the universe ends up correctly.” ↩