Actually, some fossils actually are out of order, but evolutionists have ways of explaining this: 1
- Perhaps the “older” strata were deposited on “younger” strata (e.g., by a glacier) 2
- Perhaps the rock layers were turned completely upside down. 3
- Perhaps the rocks were contaminated, giving wrong dates (see radiometric dating).
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Meyer, S. C. (2013). Darwin's Doubt: The Explosive Origin of Animal Life And the Case for Intelligent Design. New York: HarperOne.
Dawkins, R. (2004). The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Evolution. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
- Meyer, 2013, p. 15: “Now, contrary to a widespread caricature, no respected geologist, then or now, adopts this method uncritically. The most basic training in geology teaches that rock formations can be twisted, upended, even mixed pell-mell by a variety of phenomena. This is why geologists have always looked for other means to estimate the relative age of different strata.” ↩
- Dawkins, 2004, p. 14: “Age ranking depends upon the assumption known as the Law of Superposition. For obvious reasons, younger strata lie atop older ones, unless the circumstances are exceptional. Such exceptions, though they sometimes cause temporary puzzlement, are usually pretty obvious. A lump of old rock, complete with fossils, may be thrown on top of a younger stratum, say by a glacier.” ↩
- Dawkins, 2004, p. 14“… Or a series of strata may be turned over wholesale, and its vertical ordering exactly reversed. Those anomalies can be taken care of by comparing equivalent rocks in other parts of the world. Once this is done, the palaeontologist can piece together the true sequence of the whole fossil record, in a jigsaw of overlapping sequences from different parts of the world. The logic is complicated in practice, though not in principle, by the fact (see the Elephant Bird’s Tale) that the map of the world itself changes as the ages go by.” ↩