First, penguins are amazing “flyers” underwater. They look well-designed for what they do.
Second, to say that penguin flippers evolved from bird wings is an assumption (guess). It is more sensible to say that God created penguins with flippers from the beginning and other birds with feathered wings.
Evolutionist: Why would God create penguins and birds with the same bones as birds that fly if penguins weren’t created for flying?
Response: Like a true artist, God created nature with impressive “variations on themes.” One major theme is “birds,” and God created impressive variety of kinds within the bird “theme.” It makes sense that He would give all birds (penguins, ostriches, flying birds) the same overall design while also incorporating lots of variety.
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Coyne, J. A. (2009). Why Evolution Is True. New York: Viking.
- Coyne, 2009, p. 57: “In penguins, the ancestral wings have evolved into flippers, allowing the bird to swin underwater with amazing speed. Yet they all have exactly the same bones that we see in the wings of species that can fly. That’s because the wings of flightless birds weren’t the product of deliberate design (why would a creator use exactly the same bones in flying and flightless wings, including the wings of swimming penguins?), but of evolution from flying ancestors.” ↩