When (at what time of day) was Jesus crucified?
Here is the order of events:
6am: Pilate says, “Behold your King!” (John 19:14, “sixth hour” Roman time, counted from midnight)
- 9am: Jesus is crucified. (Mark 15:25, “third hour” Jewish time, counted from sunrise)
- 12pm-3pm: Darkness over the whole land (Mark 15:33-34, Matthew 27:45-46, Luke 23:44, “sixth hour” to “ninth hour,” Jewish time, counted from sunrise)
Jewish time started the day at sunrise (6am), whereas Roman time started the day at midnight (12am). So the “sixth hour” Roman time is 6am, but the “third hour” Jewish time is 9am.
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