See also: Exodus 23:9; Leviticus 19:33-34; Deuteronomy 10:19; Jeremiah 22:3; Zechariah 7:10; Matthew 25:35; and Numbers 3:10, 38; 18:7
Exodus 22:21 is speaking of strangers who dwell among the Israelites. Deuteronomy 7:2 is speaking of enemy nations–another matter entirely. This is common sense. For example, in America, we should not “vex…[nor] oppress” Japanese citizens (“strangers”). However, we were certainly justified in going to war against Japan after Pearl Harbor. The two verses are dealing with two different things.
Numbers 1:51 sets up ceremonial rules, and strangers were not allowed to participate in some of these. However, this is hardly “vexing” or “oppressing” them. It was an Israeli law, and peaceful strangers who obeyed these laws would be fine. Only those who deliberately disobeyed them would be put to death.
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