II Kings 13:1, 10
Verse 1 says that Joash’s father, Jehoahaz, began reigning in Joash’s 23rd year, and that Jehoahaz reigned for 17 years, which adds up to Joash’s 40th year. But then the Bible says Jehoash began reigning in Joash’s 37th year.
The following is the order of events: 1
Jehoahaz began to reign (in the 23rd year of Joash)
- 14 years later, Jehoash begins to reign as “pro-regent” (not co-regent), the next designated king
- 3 years later, Jehoahaz dies, and Jehoash begins his full regency
The “three-year gap” is the pro-regency of Jehoash, when his father designated him as the next king and began his training.
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Jones, F. N. (2004). Chronology of the Old Testament: a return to the basics (15th ed.). Green Forest, Ark.: Master Books.
- Jones, 2004 ↩