Saul (and Samuel) killed all the Amalekites in I Samuel 15, including Agag the king. How then is Haman a descendant of Agag?
Some of Agag’s descendants escaped. The Bible says Saul killed the Amalekites only “from Havilah until thou comest to Shur”. 1
For instance, note that although Jericho and Israel were “utterly destroyed” (Jeremiah 25:9, Joshua 10:1), a few escaped or remained (Rahab, some Israelites). Thus, although most of the Amalekites were destroyed, some of Agag’s descendants escaped, eventually giving rise to Haman. 2
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