Some verses teach that we are all God’s children: Deuteronomy 14:1, Psalm 82:6, Hosea 1:10, Matthew 5:48, Matthew 6:9, John 20:17, and Acts 17:29.
However, other verses teach that only the saved are God’s children: Galatians 3:26, Ephesians 1:5, John 1:12, Romans 9:8, I John 3:8-10, Romans 8:14, John 8:41-44, Acts 13:8-10, and Ephesians 2:3.
Only those who have accepted Jesus Christ into their hearts are God’s spiritual children. Technically, all people are physical children of God in a sense, because God created Adam (and God is referred to as the father of Adam in a physical lineage sense in Luke 3:38).
Furthermore, sometimes the Israelites are referred to as the “children of God,” though not in the same sense of salvation: they were God’s chosen people as a nation, but individually they still needed Christ to be God’s spiritual children personally.
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