I Kings 16:6-8
II Chronicles 16:1
If Baasha died in the twenty-sixth year of Asa, how could he have fought against Judah in the thirty-sixth year of the reign of Asa?
II Chronicles references the time after the split of the kingdoms, not the actual time that Asa was on the throne (i.e., the kingdom that Asa reigned over, or “the reign of Asa”). I Kings, on the other hand, refers to the time that Asa was personally on the throne (“twenty and sixth year of Asa“).
Thus, Baasha attacked in the 16th year since Asa took the throne, which was the 36th year of the kingdom over which Asa reigned. 1 Something which backs up this chronology is the fact that Baasha tried to secure his borders from those emigrating to Judah out of his country (Israel). Emigration was a problem for Baasha because those in Israel saw that the LORD was with Judah after Asa defeated Zerah the Ethiopian, which occurred in Asa’s 15th, or the kingdom’s 35th (II Chronicles 15:10 14:9). It would not make sense for Baasha to wait 21 years before doing something about the emigration, but it would make sense if Baasha did it right away. Thus, the chronology presented above fills in all the “missing pieces.” (See Jones, 2004, p. 139.)
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Jones, F. N. (2004). Chronology of the Old Testament: a return to the basics (15th ed.). Green Forest, Ark.: Master Books.
- Jones, 2004, p. 138-139 ↩